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雙語 | 潘功勝:我國外匯形勢與貨幣政策

來源:網絡 編輯:四爺 時間:2020-01-19 11:59

  潘功勝:我國外匯形勢與貨幣政策

  Pan Gongsheng Discusses China’s Foreign Exchange Situation And Monetary Policy

  1月12日,由經濟日報社主辦的“2020中國經濟趨勢年會”在北京舉辦。會上,中國人民銀行副行長、國家外匯管理局局長潘功勝圍繞“我國外匯形勢與貨幣政策”發表了主旨演講。

  Pan Gongsheng, deputy governor of the People’s Bank of China and administrator of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, offered his views on China’s foreign exchange situation and monetary policy at the 2020 China Economic Trends conference held on January 12 by the Economic Daily in Beijing.Pan’s keynote speech touched on the renminbi exchange rate, China’s cross-border capital flows, overseas lending and monetary policy. Excerpts from the speech follow.

  人民幣匯率在合理均衡水平上保持了基本穩定Stability in the Renminbi Exchange Rate在談到人民幣匯率時,潘功勝表示,2019年外部環境錯綜復雜,全球經濟貿易增長放緩、國際金融市場波動加大,但人民幣匯率在全球貨幣中表現相對穩健,在合理均衡水平上保持了基本穩定,同時人民幣匯率彈性不斷增強、雙向波動,在配置外匯資源、平衡國際收支、增強宏觀經濟韌性方面發揮了重要的自動穩定器作用。The renminbi exchange rate in 2019 was generally stable, particularly in comparison with a number of other currencies. Despite a complicated external environment that was marked by a slowdown in global trade and economic growth as well as increased volatility on international financial markets last year, the renminbi rate remained stable at an appropriate and balanced level. At the same time, it showed more flexibility with greater two-way movement. With this expanded flexibility, the renminbi acted as an automatic stabilizing mechanism, helping to maintain equilibrium in the international balance of payments and the allocation of foreign exchange resources. The renminbi rate also enhanced China’s macroeconomic resilience.

  我國外匯市場供求及跨境資金流動總體穩定Stability in the Foreign Exchange Market潘功勝認為,2019年,手機棋牌游戲,我國外匯市場供求及跨境資金流動總體穩定,外匯儲備余額穩中有升,外匯市場主體的交易行為更加理性有序,外匯市場的風險緩釋能力明顯提升,表現出較強的韌性。China saw overall stability in the supply and demand on its foreign exchange market in 2019, as a result of fairly stable cross-border capital flows. The foreign exchange market exhibited more rational and orderly trading. The ability to prevent and defuse risks in the market improved significantly, giving the market additional resilience. Additionally, the level of foreign exchange reserves rose steadily.

  跨境資本流入將趨勢性增長Uptrend in Cross-border Capital Inflows“我國國際收支將保持基本平衡的格局,跨境資本流入將趨勢性增長!迸斯僬f,近年來我國經常賬戶逐步進入基本平衡的發展階段,這是中國經濟結構不斷優化和內外部平衡的結果。展望未來,中國較高的儲蓄率和較強的制造業競爭力將有助于經常賬戶保持基本平衡。China will continue to see a basic equilibrium in its balance of payments, as its cross-border capital inflows increase. China has achieved a basic balance in its current account in recent years, reflecting continuous efforts to optimize the economic structure and balance internal and external factors. Looking ahead, China’s relatively high savings rate and strong manufacturing competitiveness will contribute to further equilibrium in the current account.近年來,外資流入我國債市和股市資金明顯增多,成為我國資本項下跨境資金流動的一個重要特征。截至2019年11月末,境外投資者持有中國債券和上市股票余額分別為3248億和2838億美元,比2016年末上升1.6倍和1.1倍。展望未來,隨著我國金融市場對外開放步伐加快,手機棋牌游戲,境外資本進入我國金融市場仍具有較大的增長空間。Turning to China’s cross-border capital flows, the nation’s stock and bond markets have seen increased capital inflows in recent years. The balance of onshore bonds and listed stocks held by foreign investors reached US$324.8 billion and US$283.8 billion, respectively, as of the end of November 2019. Both were more than twice the amount recorded at the end of 2016. China expects more overseas capital to flow into its markets as the country moves to open up its financial sector at a faster pace.

  我國外債風險總體可控Foreign Debts Generally under Control對于外債問題,潘功勝表示,我國外債風險總體可控,外債結構也趨于優化。從總量看,棋牌游戲,我國外債規模變化總體上與經濟增長及對外開放水平相適應,外債主要指標處于國際安全線以內。從結構看,債券成為近年來我國外債增加的主要推動力,境外投資者以中長期資產配置需求為主,穩定性較強,這將是未來我國外債發展變化中的一個重要特點。According to Pan, the risks of China’s foreign debts are generally under control and their structure is being optimized. In terms of the total volume of foreign debts, changes in its scale basically move in line with economic growth and the degree of opening up the economy to outside interests. The main measures of foreign debts are within the widely accepted limits of prudent economic management. As to the structure of these debts, bonds have been the key factor in the rise in China’s foreign debt level in recent years. Overseas investors have been seeking more stable medium-to-long term asset allocations and this is likely to be an important shift in the future development of China’s foreign debts.

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